As a quick summary of your requirements to comply with NIST 800-171, your is expected to have several different documentation artifacts to prove that your cybersecurity program exists. The reality with compliance assessments is that if something is not documented, you cannot prove it exists. Given that documentation expectation, you need to ensure your company has the proper cybersecurity documentation in place and NIST 800-171 requires the following documentation to exist, at a minimum:
System Security Plan (SSP)
Plan of Action & Milestones (POA&M)
Solutions for NIST 800-171 Compliance
ComplianceForge has NIST 800-171 compliance documentation that applies if you are a prime or sub-contractor. We also offer discounted bundles that can save you up to 45% on the price!
We do offer discounted bundles to tie together our products into packages that can meet your unique needs, since each product serves a different purpose. Each of these products has a detailed product page that you can read more about the products and see examples:
We have different products that cover the policies and standards component, but our most common is the NIST 800-53 version of the Written Information Security Program (WISP)
We have one product that is a templatized set of NIST 800-171 procedures and that is the Cybersecurity Standardized Operating Procedures (CSOP)
We have one product that is a template for both a SSP & POA&M and that is the System Security Plan (SSP)
The NIST 800-171 Compliance Criteria (NCC) is essentially a “consultant in a box” that gets you the equivalent of 80 hours worth of a consultant’s time to break down the NIST 800-171 requirements into real criteria for you to implement.
The NCC product is considered a "consultant in a box" product to provide consultant-level guidance on how to comply with NIST 800-171. The WISP and DSP are program-level policies and standards that will provide you with evidence you need to demonstrate compliance. What do you get if you buy the NIST 800-171 Compliance Criteria (NCC) product?
The NCC is a “consultant in a box” solution that is essentially a NIST 800-171 checklist in an editable Microsoft Excel format.
The NCC covers all controls in Appendix D of NIST 800-171.
It also covers Appendix E Non-Federal Organization (NFO) controls, which are required by contractors.
Each of the NIST 800-171 controls is mapped to its corresponding NIST 800-53 control.
Each of the NIST 800-53 controls are broken down to identify:
Reasonably-expected criteria to address the control.
Applicable compliance guidance;
Methods to address the requirement; and
Status of compliance for each control so you can use it for a self-assessment.
We put together a guide to help companies scope their computing environment to help identify what is in scope for NIST 800-171 and was falls outside of scope.
NIST 800-171 Scoping Considerations
When you look at NIST 800-171 rev 1 compliance, it has some similarities to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).
From the perspective of PCI DSS, if scoping is done poorly, a company's entire network may be in-scope as the CDE, which means PCI DSS requirements would apply uniformly throughout the entire company. In these scenarios, PCI DSS compliance can be prohibitively expensive or even technically impossible. However, when the network is intelligently-designed with security in mind, the CDE can be a small fraction of the company's network, which makes compliance much more achievable and affordable.
We feel that NIST 800-171 should be viewed in the very same manner. This guide is meant to help companies identify assets within scope for NIST 800-171 and potentially find ways to minimize scope through isolation or controlled access.
Not sure what CUI is or if you have CUI on your network? Go to the US Government's authoritative source on the matter, the US Archives CUI Registry at https://www.archives.gov/cui/registry.